The Geomechanics Group at the University of Toronto examines underground rock mechanics, with special attention on how this research can be applied to the oil and gas industry. Hydraulic fracturing has become an important part of the mining and petroleum industry, and as a result, it is an vital area of research for the group. One of the central projects the group is working on is modeling hydraulic fracturing, which is a hydro-mechanical process. Most of the projects are a combination of numerical modeling and experimental tests to verify numerical results. All the available software has limitations and simplifies the data in a way that not realistically represent the hydro-mechanical interaction. As a result, another focus of the group is to develop software to model this hydro-mechanical process more realistically and develop a better understanding of mechanical deformation and fluid flow in rocks.